Telugu Veerappan [CRACKED]
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Telugu Veerappan: The Sandalwood Smuggler Who Terrorized the Forests
Telugu Veerappan was the nickname of Koose Munisamy Veerappan, an Indian bandit turned domestic terrorist who was active for 36 years, and kidnapped major politicians for ransom. He was charged with sandalwood smuggling and poaching of elephants in the scrub lands and forests in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. He was wanted for killing approximately 184 people, about half of whom were police officers and forest officials, and for poaching more than 2000 elephants and smuggling ivory and sandalwood worth millions of dollars. The battle to capture Veerappan cost the governments of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka over ₹100 crore.
Veerappan was born into a Tamil Vanniyar family in Gopinatham, Kollegal, Coimbatore District (Madras State) in 1952. In 1990, he was married to Muthulakshmi, who reportedly married him because of his "notoriety and moustache". As of 2004, his two daughters, Vidya Rani and Prabha, were studying in Tamil Nadu. Vidya Rani married a Christian Dalit man much against her mother's opposition to inter-caste marriage. He enjoyed support from Pattali Makkal Katchi party which openly sought for clemency on behalf of Veerappan.
Veerappan began his criminal career by assisting his uncle Saalvai Gounder, a notorious poacher and sandalwood smuggler. Veerappan initially worked as a sandalwood and ivory smuggler, killing elephants for their tusks. He later broke away from his uncle. Over the next twenty-five years, Veerappan (and other poachers together) killed 2,000 to 3,000 elephants. He was first arrested in 1972. After committing his first murder, at the age of 17, he began killing those who resisted his illegal activities. His victims tended to be police officers, forest officials, and informants.
In 1987, Veerappan kidnapped and murdered a Sathyamangalam Taluka forest officer named Chidambaram from Tamil Nadu. In 1991, he killed Srinivas, an assistant conservator of forests in Kollegal Range. In 1993, he killed Harikrishna (son of former Indian Prime Minister V.P.Singh) along with eight policemen in Meenyam forest area near MM Hills in Karnataka. In 1997, he killed six Special Task Force (STF) personnel by blasting their vehicle with a landmine near Palar bridge on Karnataka-Tamil Nadu border.
In 2000, he kidnapped Kannada actor Rajkumar along with three others from the actor's farm house at Gajanur near Tamil Nadu border. He demanded the release of his associates held in various jails and also a sum of ₹50 crore as ransom. After a tense standoff that lasted for 108 days, Rajkumar was released unharmed on November 15 without any ransom being paid.
In 2004, he kidnapped former Karnataka minister H.Nagappa from his farm house at Kamagere village near Chamarajanagar district bordering Tamil Nadu. He demanded the release of his associates again along with a sum of ₹10 crore as ransom. However, Nagappa was found dead on December 8 near Dharmapuri forest area in Tamil Nadu with multiple bullet injuries.
Capture and death
After several unsuccessful attempts by various police forces to capture or kill Veerappan over the years, a joint operation named Operation Cocoon was launched by the Tamil Nadu Special Task Force (STF) led by K.Vijay Kumar and the Karnataka STF led by Jyothi Prakash Mirji in October 2004.
The operation involved infiltrating Veerappan's gang with an undercover policeman named Kalaichelvan posing as a human rights activist named Nandakumar who sympathized with Veerappan's cause. Kalaichelvan gained Veerappan's trust and convinced him
After several unsuccessful attempts by various police forces to capture or kill Veerappan over the years, a joint operation named Operation Cocoon was launched by the Tamil Nadu Special Task Force (STF) led by K.Vijay Kumar, and the Karnataka STF led by Jyothi Prakash Mirji in October 2004.
The operation involved infiltrating Veerappan's gang with an undercover policeman named Kalaichelvan posing as a human rights activist named Nandakumar who sympathized with Veerappan's cause. Kalaichelvan gained Veerappan's trust and convinced him to meet him in a village near Dharmapuri in Tamil Nadu for a medical checkup and a possible escape route to a safe haven.
On the night of October 18, 2004, Veerappan and his three associates boarded a vehicle driven by Kalaichelvan, who was accompanied by another undercover policeman named Chinnasamy. As they reached Papparapatti village, they were ambushed by a team of STF commandos who opened fire at them. Veerappan and his associates tried to retaliate but were killed in the exchange of bullets. Four policemen were also injured in the encounter.
The operation was hailed as a major success by the Tamil Nadu and Karnataka governments and the STF officials. The bodies of Veerappan and his associates were taken to Chennai for post-mortem and later handed over to their relatives for cremation. The STF also recovered several weapons, explosives, ivory and sandalwood from the vehicle and the hideout of Veerappan.
Reactions and controversies
The death of Veerappan brought relief and joy to many people who had suffered from his crimes and atrocities. The families of his victims expressed their satisfaction and gratitude to the STF for ending their long ordeal. The forest officials and villagers living near the forest areas also celebrated the end of Veerappan's reign of terror.
However, some human rights activists and lawyers questioned the legality and morality of the operation, alleging that it was a staged encounter and a violation of human rights. They demanded a judicial inquiry into the circumstances of Veerappan's death and accused the STF of using excessive force and violating the due process of law. They also claimed that Veerappan was willing to surrender and negotiate with the government, but was betrayed by the STF.
Veerappan's wife Muthulakshmi also challenged the operation in court, seeking a CBI probe into her husband's death. She alleged that he was tortured and killed in cold blood by the STF. She also filed a petition seeking compensation for herself and her daughters, claiming that they were innocent victims of Veerappan's crimes.
The court cases are still pending in various courts, while several books, documentaries and films have been made on Veerappan's life and death, portraying him as either a ruthless criminal or a misunderstood rebel.
Telugu Veerappan was one of the most notorious and elusive criminals in Indian history, who terrorized the forests and people of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala for over three decades. He was involved in sandalwood smuggling, elephant poaching, kidnapping, murder and extortion, and evaded capture by several police forces and paramilitary units. He was finally killed in a joint operation by the Tamil Nadu and Karnataka STF in 2004, ending his reign of terror.
However, his death also raised several questions and controversies about the legality and morality of the operation, the human rights of Veerappan and his associates, and the fate of his family and supporters. His life and death have been the subject of many books, documentaries and films, some of which glorify him as a hero and others condemn him as a villain.
Whether one views him as a rebel or a bandit, Telugu Veerappan remains a fascinating and controversial figure in Indian history, whose story reflects the complex and often violent realities of the forest regions and their inhabitants. His legacy continues to inspire and intrigue people across the world.
If you want to learn more about Telugu Veerappan and his crimes, you can watch some of the films and documentaries based on his life, such as Killing Veerappan, Vana Yuddham, Sandhanakadu or Veerappan: The Untold Story. You can also read some of the books written by his former associates, victims or investigators, such as Veerappan: Chasing the Brigand by K.Vijay Kumar, Birds, Beasts and Bandits by Krupakar Senani or The End of an Era: India Exacts Revenge by Sunaad Raghuram. 4aad9cdaf3